What is Project Management 2.0?
Project Management Evolves
In the past few years, there has been much talk about “Web 2.0.” According to this concept, the World Wide Web has evolved and transformed in important ways since its early days. The key features of Web 2.0 are collaboration, interconnectivity, and user-generated content.
A similar transformation is currently happening in the field of project management. Traditional highly-structured, top down conceptions of managing projects are giving way in some places to a new model, one that places less emphasis on the manager’s role as the project’s overseer and more on the project team’s ability to plan, adapt, and communicate. According to Project Manager Planet’s Chris Lynch, the heart of this new “Project Management 2.0” is collaboration.
Despite this new conception of how a project team should work, there is still an important role for the project manager within the framework of Project Management 2.0. Lynch says that the best managers will be able to understand “the fundamentals of collaboration, insight and accountability.” Technical knowledge is relatively less important than these (less tangible, but no less real) qualities when it comes to guiding and directing this newer, more democratic approach to planning and implementing projects.
Project Management 2.0 is still a fairly new concept, and what exactly it means for the future of project management and the businesses which employ it is still up for debate. Traditional methods of managing projects are far from obsolete today, nor do they seem likely to become so anytime in the near future. However, the changes brought about by the emergence of Project Management 2.0 mean that businesses have another important tool available to them that they would be wise to consider.
List of Differences Between Traditional Project Management and Project Management 2.0
The following is a list of some basic ways that Project Management 2.0 differs from traditional methods.
- Traditional methods are centralized and top-down. Project Management 2.0 is decentralized and bottom-up.
- Traditional methods are authoritarian: with the project manager having all ultimate responsibility for the project. Project Management 2.0 is collaborative and team-based, with responsibilities shared by all. The project manager, therefore, has less of a burden.
- Traditional methods feature relatively little communication and access to information. Project Management 2.0 puts communication and ease of accessing information at the forefront of its strategy.
- Projects undertaken using traditional methods follow an implied structure. In projects using the concepts of Project Management 2.0, emergent structures become the norm.
- The tools used in traditional methods are complex and inflexible. Project Management 2.0 stresses the importance of simplicity and flexibility.
- In traditional methods, projects are kept separated from one another. Project Management 2.0 urges businesses to keep in mind the ways that all projects are interrelated.